From atoms to planets: scales of sizes in nature; The role of
atoms in a geography course; Pythagoras' theorem and square
roots; Pytahgoras' theorem and some basic physics.
Momentum; Mass; Weight; Mass and energy.
Force and Newton's laws of motion; Gravity.
Circular motion and centripetal force; Centripetal forces and
gravitation; Fictitious forces; Centrifugal force; Coriolis force.
Conservation of energy; Conservation laws and symmetries -
Noether's theorem; Back to energy; Conservation of angular momentum.
Motion of the Earth-Sun system; Longitude and Latitude; Time
zones; Tilt of the Earth's axis; Precession of the Earth's axis.
Electrostatic forces; Bohr' model of the hydrogen atom; Waves.
The effects of quantization; Larger atoms; The modern “picture”
of atoms; The hydrogen molecule; Larger molecules; Isotopes; Summary of
atomic properties; The stability of matter; Thermal energy and
temperature; Kelvin temperature units.
Specific heat; Latent heat of fusion; Latent heat of evaporation;
Crystalline solids; Density of crystals.
Liquids; Melting icebergs; Tides; Gases.
Why planets have atmospheres; Trace gases in the Earth's
atmosphere and their environmental importance; Carbon dioxide; Water
vapor; The emission of radiation from hot objects; The atmospheric
Change of air pressure with height; Variation of air temperature
with height; he troposphere; The stratosphere; The mesosphere; The
thermosphere; The stratospheric ozone layer; Formation of the ozone
layer; Seasonal changes in the thickness of the ozone layer .